Baby Boom in Poland

August 31, 2014
More Babies in 2014

More Babies in 2014

Despite an overall negative birth rate, the population of Poland has increased by 22,000. According to Poland’s Central Statistical Office (GUS), the number of new births reached 186,900 in the first half of 2014, which is 3% more than in the same period last year. It is the first time since 2010 that GUS has recorded an increase in the number of births, albeit a modest one. It is expected that this tendency will hold for the rest of the year because the number of births has been increasing month on month in 2014. “Perhaps we owe this increase to the fact that many people in their thirties decided that they cannot postpone having children any longer,” says Dr Piotr Szukalski, a demographer from the University of Łódź. 2014 promises to be better than the record low observed last year when only 370,000 children were born. Moreover, GUS reported that the number of deaths has decreased by 7% as compared to 2013. As a result, the overall birth rate was negative in 2013. Despite these figures, the overall population of Poland has increased by 22,000 (0.1%), because more people arrived in Poland from abroad as permanent residents (approx. 23,000) than left the country.
Dziennik.pl

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Chinese Delegation in Łomża

August 28, 2014
More Cooperation

More Cooperation

Representatives of the Municipal Commission for Commerce and the Science and Technology Park in Beijing visited Łomża during their week-long trip to Europe. During the meeting, the Łomża authorities and Chinese delegation assessed the possibility of economic, technological and cultural cooperation. China was represented by seven people including the chairman of the delegation Ni Yuegang, the deputy director of Beijing Municipal Commission for Commerce Zhang Huayu as well as Zhou Fang, the president of the Science and Technology Park in Beijing. Łomża’s deputy mayor Benjamin Dobosz presented the investment potential of Łomża to the Chinese authorities after which Ni Yuegang stressed that he sees in Łomża and the Łomża subregion opportunities for cooperation especially in the field of environmentally-friendly industries. The guests from China viewed new investment locations in Łomża and were also impressed with the ideal location of the city itself within Poland. They expressed their hope to cooperate with local entrepreneurs.
wspolczesna.pl

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Over 1M Poles in Grey Zone

August 27, 2014
In the Shadows (c) fractalenlightenment

In the Shadows (c) fractalenlightenment

Recent information from the Central Statistical Office of Poland (GUS) indicates that in 2011 over 1.4 million Poles earned income from unreported employment. It is estimated that in 2014 this number might even be higher due to an increase in unemployment since 2010. High unemployment rates and bureaucratic employment regulations that are disadvantageous to SMEs are a catalyst for the growth of the grey economy. Employers are afraid of complicated laws and regulations and do not want to pay exorbitant mandatory fees. Therefore, it is not surprising that 13% of Polish GDP comes from unreported employment. “The increased development of the grey economy is understandable, because the grey zone usually flourishes at times of economic decline or crisis,” says Professor Stanisław Gomułka, former Deputy Minister of Finance and Chief Economist at the Business Centre Club (BCC), the largest private employer organisation in Poland. Professor Elżbieta Mączyńska of the Warsaw School of Economics (SGH) claims that SMEs shift towards the grey economy when employment law is inflated; the poorer the employment regulations, the greater the grey zone. Industries with the largest unreported employment include commerce, repair and handyman services, construction, and food and hospitality industries. The grey economy divests billions of złoty from the state budget. The loss to the state economy was estimated at PLN 185 billion last year. However, it is difficult to assess the losses precisely, because some of the funds return to the public purse via VAT charged on purchases made with money earned under the table. Unreported employment destroys the market as employers who pay cash-in-hand have lower costs than entrepreneurs who follow labour law and they also drive down the prices of goods and services. Additionally, people who get paid under the table are not entitled to public health or employment insurance.
Dziennik.pl

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Resourceful High School Graduates

August 25, 2014
More Jobs

More Jobs

According to the Central Statistical Office of Poland (GUS), the unemployment rate was 9.3% lower in June 2014 than in June 2013. Over the course of one year, the unemployment rate among people with middle school education has fallen by 8.2%, while among people with higher education it has decreased by 9.2%. On the other hand, the unemployment rate among people who completed only vocational schools or post-secondary schools has fallen by 11.5%. The greatest fall of unemployment was noted among high school graduates, 12.3%. “The small drop in the unemployment rate among people without any qualifications is not surprising since the demand for such employees is negligible. This situation will not change,” states Professor Elżbieta Kryńśka from the University of Łódź. There are over 534,000 registered unemployed people in Poland, while 560,000 have a job (this includes work in the grey and black economy). However, the situation is different when it comes to people with higher education. “The economic revival and seasonal changes have not significantly changed the situation of people with higher eduaction on the job market,” states professor Urszula Sztanderska from Warsaw University. Only in the long run during the economic boom were college graduates able to find a job easily because companies invested more and the demand for specialists increased.
serwisy.gazetaprawna.pl

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Eastern Polish Companies Go to Africa

August 24, 2014
Time for Poland

Time for Poland

The Polish Information and Foreign Investment Agency (PAIiIZ) will take entrepreneurs from the eastern regions of Poland on a trade mission to Africa. Companies from eastern Poland will look for new business opportunities in Ethiopia and Tanzania. Currently, PAIiIZ is recruiting volunteers. The business trip to Africa will take place between 8 and 13 October and is being organised by PAIiIZ under the Eastern Poland Economic Promotion Programme, which has been realised by the Agency since January 2010. The PAIiIZ programme creates opportunities for the economic promotion of such regions as Warmia-Mazury, Podlasie, Lublin, Podkarpacie and Świętokrzyskie as well as for individual companies operating in these regions. “Africa is an extremely attractive economic area and entrepreneurs from eastern Poland have a lot to offer. There is great interest in the engineering industry mainly machinery, agriculture or that needed for food processing,” says PAIiIZ vice-president Monika Piątkowska. Some eastern Polish companies have already been active on the African continent. For example, last year a Polish tractor manufacturer from Lublin signed a contract to sell 3,000 to Ethiopia. PAIiIZ is directly promoting and has created a media campaign which is intended to draw the attention of foreign investors to eastern Poland. So far, the main direction of international promotion was Europe, the USA, Arab countries, China, Korea and Japan. PAIiIZ has recently expanded the direction of promotion to African countries. Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin or Gambia could be other interesting markets for Polish companies.
ekonomia.rp.pl

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Polish Apples in America

August 20, 2014
Polish Apple Pie

Polish Apple Pie

The Polish authorities are asking the USA for permission to export Polish apples to America, according to Ambassador Ryszard Schnepf who has been quoted as saying, “Open the door for Freedom Apples”. For years Americans have not allowed EU apples on their market (except for Italy). Officially, the US authorities give health reasons in an effort to protect their own market. Now Poland is attempting to get approval for export due to the Russian embargo on the import of agricultural products from the EU and the USA, including apples. The Polish Ambassador in Washington Ryszard Schnepf has already discussed the recently implemented sanctions by the Russian Federation with Under Secretary for Farm and Foreign Agricultural Services Michael Scuse. According to Schnepf, Americans are not precluding the use of fast track approval, but further meetings with the heads of agencies working with agricultural products to the United States are necessary. On 18 August there will be a meeting during which Poland will provide the Americans with a list of fruit and vegetables most affected by the Russian sanctions. So far Poland has exported broccoli and peppers to the USA. The Polish Embassy in Washington has posted a video of Schnepf touting “delicious Polish apples” on Facebook and Twitter. “Dear American friends, please join me in asking the US Government to open the door for our Freedom Apples,” the Polish Ambassador encourages.
wyborcza.pl

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American Market for Polish Specialists

August 18, 2014
American Dream?

American Dream?v

Will America open its market for Polish specialists? Highly skilled specialists from Poland are much sought-after on the European labour markets and so perhaps they will also be wanted in the US. “Polish engineers are welcome in Germany, Norway and Italy,” says Tomasz Szpikowski, president of a company that provides engineering services in many countries. For example, in Germany there are about 8,000 engineers from Poland who mainly work in the automotive industry, mining, airline industry or in green energy. However, many labour market experts are concerned about the Polish market because if highly qualified Polish staff continue to supply EU labour markets, Poland will run out of professionals. The sixth round of negotiations of the FTA (Free Trade Agreement) between the European Union and the United States took place recently during which a new area was included: the unification of regulations of certain professions. Therefore, there is a chance that professional diplomas may soon be respected on the both sides of the Atlantic which would be an important step forward. According to Agnieszka Cieślok of HRK, a firm that helps support companies in improving efficiency, such a prospect raises both hopes and concerns. For example, for young, talented employers for whom a journey to the USA is an opportunity to spread their wings. Agnieszka Cieślok believes that these young people will gain competence and perhaps an entrepreneurial way of thinking typical for the United States. However, there is still a long way to go to a unified transatlantic labour market and the waiving of visas. The list of occupations that would be covered by the reform has not been completed yet, although professions as architects, auditors, lawyers and accountants are being taken into consideration.
polskieradio.pl

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