460 Barriers to Businesses

Hurdles and Obstacles

Hurdles and Obstacles

The Polish Confederation of Private Employers – Lewiatan (PKPP) has identified as many as 460 barriers to the development of business in Poland this year. The black list includes: unclear tax provisions, ineffective public procurement regulations and protracted legal proceedings. PKPP has published such a list for the eleventh time. The head of the organisation and former presidential candidate, Henryka Bochniarz, notes that some barriers, such as ineffective provisions in construction law or a lack of effective urban spatial planning, have been on the black list since its inception. PKPP has also repeatedly questioned the unreasonable length of court proceedings. Jeremi Mordasewicz, advisor to the management board of PKPP, suggested that this is what often prevents entrepreneurs from suing for compensation in a large number of cases. Protracted proceedings create opportunities for dishonest entrepreneurs, and leave the honest ones in despair. On the other hand, PKPP positively assessed the number of changes in labour law, for example, introducing flexi-time and enabling the delivery of services for overseas enterprises during official holidays. PKPP experts not only listed the barriers to business, but also their legal consequences and possible solutions. PKPP also believes that the development of business in Poland is impeded by the lack of implementation of the EU Particulate Matter Emission Directive as well as limited accessibility to general services (such as health or postal services) for private entrepreneurs. Some of the 2014 barriers listed by PKPP included: taxes and social security contributions being too high and provisions unclear; the provisions of labour law inflexible; the education system is not in tune with market demands and trends; there is a lack of economic forecasting; a lack of stable regulations in environmental law; low efficiency in public procurement; protracted and expensive recovery of claims; protracted and ineffective bankruptcy proceedings, which prevent speedy restructuring; limited accessibility to general services (such as utility, health or postal services) for the private entrepreneurs; a misuse of EU funding; barriers to the execution of construction investment and irrational spatial planning; barriers in health protection; barriers to the development of the energy sector; barriers to the development of the telecommunications and media sector as well as barriers to financial institutions (banking and insurance sectors).

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