Poland Imports Electricity

Importing Power

Importing Power

In 2014, Polish power plants produced less electricity than was consumed by domestic consumers. This was the first time since Poland’s political and economic transformation (in 1989) that the country was a net importer of electricity. The main reason was cheaper electricity from Poland’s neighbours, which has become a serious challenge for the country’s doctrine of ‘electricity independence’. Sweden, which is connected to Poland by cable along the bottom of the Baltic sea, provides large amounts of energy from hydroelectricity plants. Swedish energy is 25% cheaper than electricity on the Polish Power Exchange, according to the March “Power and Fuels” report produced by Energy Solutions. Energy can also be bought significantly cheaper on the German EFX power exchange in Leipzig, as much as 20% cheaper than in Poland. This is a result of the high number of power plants with low production costs that use renewable sources, nuclear power and lignite. The fast-growing share of green energy on the market of Poland’s western neighbours (subsidised by German consumers, for example) will mean the continued lowering of energy prices in European power markets. The Polish and Lithuanian energy bridge, which is planned to start on December 2015, may also contribute to the lowering of prices on the Polish market, as it will increase the possibility of energy import from Scandinavian countries. Contrary to what one might expect, cheaper imported energy has not yet meant a lowering of prices for consumers.


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