Polish Communal Waste

Load of Rubbish

Load of Rubbish

In Poland, the amount of communal waste produced every year exceeds 10 million tonnes. Over 60% of all that waste is stored in landfills. According to the norms set out by the European Union, storing waste in landfills should only be treated as a last resort. In five years’ time, Poland should meet the target of recycling 50% of all discarded paper, glass, metal and plastic, with only 35% of biodegradable waste, such as food, grass, and leaves, being deposited in landfills. Poland has difficulty meeting these targets, ostensibly due to the lack of relevant technologies. However, Jarosław Drozd, Paweł Przybylski, and Krzysztof Grabowski claim to have the necessary technology at hand. Their proposed solution consists of sterilising waste in dedicated hermetic containers. Upon being subjected to high temperatures and pressure, waste loses its mass and volume; bacteria and parasites die; and organic matter is separated from glass, metal, and plastic. Bioelektra sells the majority of all processed materials and uses the remaining biomass to produce alternative fuel, biogas, or fertiliser. The owners of Bioelektra invested their own money in order to develop the technology, which took ten years to perfect. “Our advantage lies in having the lowest operating costs in the sector thanks to which we can make a profit even when our competitors cannot,” says Drozd. Currently, the company has one operating plant, which processes 40,000 tonnes of waste per year.


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