According to recent studies, 62% of Poles drink wine and annually drink over 400 million litres of it. The “Poles in the World of Wine 2018” report shows that Polish people most often choose red wine (66%), semi-sweet (40%) and semi-dry (39%). Semi-sweet wines are especially popular with women. Semi-dry wines by people between 30-39 years, from big cities and with a higher education. Poles drink more than 400 million liters of wine a year, and this number is growing, as is the value of the wine market in Poland. In addition, 49% of Poles declare that they have basic knowledge about wines. The best knowledge is assessed by people with a secondary or higher education and living in big cities.
Historical sources suggest that there were no primary public schools at that time and only the royal family had access to private schools. Children began their official education at the age of seven. However, before they were sent to the appropriate school, they had often already completed some basic education in their respective family homes. The lessons were conducted in groups by clergymen so that children could be inspired by their ambitious approach to acquiring knowledge. The basis for elementary education was not the familiar ‘reading comprehension’ known from primary schools nowadays, but the complete opposite. Children began learning by reciting Psalters. The selection of Psalters as primary reading materials did not raise any concerns at the time. From the very beginning, pupils were expected to sing and know all the psalms by heart before even understanding the meaning of even one Latin word or learning anything about reading the letters of the alphabet. It was only at the next stage of their educational journey were they taught to associate sounds and words with individual letters.
49% of Polish people assess the Polish government’s pro-family politics as well-managed, according to a survey undertaken by CBOS. The least concerned about the subject are respondents living in non-urban areas, of which 57% believe that the programme is being managed well or very well. Out of the six programmes in the pro-family package, most respondents ranked the guarantee of a higher pension for mothers of four or more children, as well as PLN 300 to be paid for every child to buy supplies and textbooks at the beginning of the school year as of the highest priority. However, for most respondents the most relevant benefits for teenagers included vouchers for sports and cultural events. According to the authors of the survey, the way people think about the family has changed over the past few years. Nowadays Poles believe that support should be forthcoming from the government to everyone raising children in Poland.
The owner of Polish store Mięsko Polish Deli in London has refused to pay a fine of ₤100. The shop was punished for throwing away garbage and rotten meat in a car park. Harrow district council lodged a complaint about the Polish store. “We gave the owner the chance to do the right thing, but she started to fight us,” said Graham Henson from the district council. Due to the fact that the fee has not been paid, the case went to court again. The court decided that the owner must now pay ₤1,530. Following the ruling, the car park was cleaned but the fine was still unpaid. The owners did not feel guilty and blamed the neighbours for the mess. The store posted the following message on their Facebook profile: “Our business has been attacked. Someone breaks into our rubbish and throws away their own garbage. Our employees have cleaned it up. We are now waiting for a reply to our complaint.” The court then re-investigated the case including losses incurred by the local council and came to the conclusion that the store should now pay a ₤6,316 fine.
Jerzy Owsiak is the first non-doctor to receive an award from the Polish Society of Cardio-Thoracic Surgeons. It honors individuals who have contributed to the development of medicine. Although not a doctor by profession, he is the founder of the Great Orchestra of Christmas Charity. The charity was set up 26 years ago and one of its notable achievements includes the purchase of over 568 devices for cardiac surgeries worth over PLN 20 million. Three years ago, during the 23rd Orchestra Finale, Owsiak’s NGO managed to raise over PLN 53 million for the purchase of specialist pediatric equipment and for the improvement of medical care provided to elderly people in Poland. Jerzy Owsiak’s charity has collected and donated over PLN 951 million to support Polish healthcare during the last 26 years.
Poland is in dock over for presumed violation of democratic regulations. Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki expressed his regret at the entire situation. The Polish government had been asked to answer a series of questions concerning controversial and contradictory changes in the Polish judicial system. In fact, it was the first such time that a member of the European Union had been interrogated by democratic forces of EU itself. Unfortunately, Poland is likely to encounter more serious consequences should other EU members vote against them. Frans Timmermans, First Vice-President of the European Commission said: “We are in a new phase with a hearing, and the inclusion of member states is extremely important.”
“The navy needs restructuring and as Head of the Armed Forces I promise that I will act,” said Andrzej Duda in Gdynia. Together with the Minister of National Defense Mariusz Błaszczak the President took part in the unveiling of a monument. The President hopes that his modernisation plan will be completed before the 400th anniversary of the Battle of Oliwa (in 2027). He recalled that the construction of a submarine requires five to seven years and that such a plan carries with it a sense of responsibility, and long discussions.